Do Pacifiers Affect Babies’ Teeth?

Many parents ask, “Do pacifiers affect babies’ teeth?” Pacifiers can provide babies with a soothing sensation, which keeps them content and provides a feeling of relaxation. However, frequent pacifier use may cause dental issues and complications as teeth develop. Our team at Petrous Orthodontics will educate you on how it’s possible to give your baby a pacifier and avoid the problems it may cause.

What Are The Benefits Of Pacifiers?

Any parent who has seen a baby content with a pacifier doesn’t doubt the benefits of its use. In fact, pediatric research shows that pacifier use in very young babies shouldn’t be discouraged, and the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry advises that pacifiers are preferred over the habit of thumb-sucking. Pacifiers for babies have the power to provide pain relief, relaxation, and comfort whenever necessary. Doctors publishing with the American Academy of Family Physicians explain that pacifiers actually have a positive influence on kids between one and six months old. Children who use pacifiers have shown to have a reduced risk of sudden infant death syndrome.

What Are Pacifier Teeth?

Pacifier teeth is a condition that may occur as a result of extended pacifier use. A baby’s mouth and teeth begin forming in the womb and continue to grow throughout childhood. Any object held in an infant’s mouth for long periods during this important time can affect tooth positioning and dental development. According to the AAPD and American Dental Association, the dental effects of frequent pacifier use include:

  • Crooked teeth
  • Problems with jaw alignment
  • Protruding front teeth
  • Changes to the roof of the mouth

What Age Should My Baby Stop Using A Pacifier?

Parents can avoid the risks of their baby developing pacifier teeth by weaning their baby away from the pacifier by age two. By this age, some dental effects may be seen, but the greatest changes appear in children older than four years. Pacifiers have also shown to increase the risk of ear infections in babies older than six months.

What Are The Effects Of Pacifiers On A Babies’ Teeth?

The long-term use of a pacifier changes mouth shape and the alignment of teeth. According to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, the overuse of pacifiers affects mouth and teeth development the same way as long-term thumb-sucking. As a child’s upper front teeth tip forward, teeth may become crooked, which leads to biting problems. There may also be changes in jaw alignment and tooth positioning, which will require braces or Invisalign to correct. The American Dental Association states that other symptoms of pacifier teeth include open bite and changes on the roof of the mouth.

How Do I Stop My Baby From Using A Pacifier?

At Petrous Orthodontics, we understand that encouragement and praise are the best tools for breaking a pacifier habit. Praising your baby for not using a pacifier, and providing a reward can create a sense of motivation to stop. If children use pacifiers when feeling anxious, try avoiding stressful situations and offering cuddles and other comforts. For young babies who need some extra soothing at times, pacifiers provide the perfect feeling of reassurance. As long as pacifier use doesn’t become frequent, there is no risk of developing pacifier teeth.

Finding Out How Pacifiers Affect A Babies’ Teeth In Madison Heights MI

Dr. Petrous and our team at Petrous Orthodontics are experienced in pediatric dentistry. We are here to answer any questions or concerns you may have regarding your baby’s teeth or how pacifiers affect a babies’ teeth in Madison Heights MI, Sterling Heights MI, Hazel Park MI, Warren MI, and Royal Oak MI. Contact Petrous Orthodontics today to schedule a free consultation. Call now (248) 588-2020.

How Does Thumb Sucking Affect Teeth?

What Is Thumb Sucking?

Thumb sucking is a natural reflex for infants and children. Sucking on thumbs, pacifiers, or other objects may create a feeling of security or soothe them to help with falling asleep. Thumb sucking is a stereotypical habit of babies, so it may feel unnatural to intervene. However, breaking the habit of thumb sucking is important to avoid causing developmental issues in the mouth. Our team at Petrous Orthodontics specialize in clear braces and Invisalign Teen to correct common orthodontic problems caused by thumb sucking.

How Can Thumb Sucking Affect My Child’s Teeth?

Once a child’s permanent teeth come in, thumb sucking may affect the proper alignment of the growth of teeth and jaw. The intensity of thumb sucking is a factor that determines the level of damage. Some children who are aggressive thumbsuckers may develop problems with their baby teeth early on. The force of thumb sucking can cause teeth to tip forward, which leads to complicated malocclusions such as open bites, crossbites, or overjets.

What Are The Consequences Of Thumb Sucking?

thumb sucking affect teeth madison heights miSimilar to pacifiers, thumb sucking can help very young children develop jaw muscles. However, after that it quickly becomes an issue. Thumb sucking is a habit that may cause a child to withdraw and ‘zone out’ instead of interacting. While thumb sucking may appear to be an innocent habit, the results can affect your child’s health later on into adulthood. The long-term negative consequences of thumb sucking include:

  • Narrowing of the jaw
  • Shrinking the airway
  • Altered breathing
  • Poor swallow patterns
  • Misaligned teeth
  • Hindered speech
  • Abnormal tongue placement

When Should Children Stop Sucking Their Thumbs?

Children usually stop sucking their thumbs between the ages of two and four years old, or by the time their permanent front teeth start to erupt. If you notice abnormalities in your child’s primary teeth or are concerned about your child’s thumb sucking consult with a Madison Heights orthodontist such as Dr. Petrous. Remember, the older a child gets the more difficult breaking this habit can be.

Finding Out How Thumb Sucking Affects Teeth In Madison Heights MI

Dr. Petrous and our team at Petrous Orthodontics are experts in pediatric dentistry. We are here to answer any questions or concerns you may have regarding thumb sucking or how does thumb sucking affect teeth in Madison Heights MI, Sterling Heights MI, Hazel Park MI, Warren MI, and Royal Oak MI. Contact Petrous Orthodontics to schedule a free consultation today. Call now (248) 588-2020.

Invisalign Vs. Smile Direct Club

Here at Petrous Orthodontics, we are dedicated to providing the best orthodontic treatment options for our patients located in or near Sterling Heights, Hazel Park, Warren, Royal Oak, and surrounding Michigan areas.

Dr. Petrous is a highly trained orthodontist in Sterling Heights and wants to keep you knowledgeable and aware of all available options to make sure you receive the care that best fits your personal needs.

How Does Invisalign Work?

Invisalign and Invisalign Teen are clear aligners engineered to make the orthodontic process easier and more enjoyable, much like the ones provided by Smile Direct Club. The difference with Invisalign is that the process is overseen and handled by a certified orthodontist that you know and trust. This ensures that the process is done smoothly and correctly. Upon follow up visits, you will receive new sets of aligners that will gradually move teeth to the desired position.

How Does Smile Direct Club Work?

Smile Direct Club is an at home service that allows you to receive orthodontic treatment without ever having to physically visit an orthodontist. Upon sign up, customers visit a SmileShop where a 3D image is captured, or if there is no such facility nearby, at-home impression kits are sent to you. After receiving your impressions back, a dental professional with Smile Direct Club will review and assess your treatment plan. On average, treatment plans last around 6 months.

Invisalign Vs. Smile Direct Club

Each treatment option offers its own set of benefits that can appeal to different personal preferences. The Smile Direct Club results can be just as effective as Invisalign results. The Smile Direct Club cost and Invisalign cost can also be comparable. However, Smile Direct Club does have some differences that may pose as an inconvenience for certain patients.

Disadvantages of Smile Direct Club:

  • Trying to find a SmileShop near you
  • Dealing with messy molds at home
  • Waiting on mail back and forth
  • Replacing dentist visits with post office visits
  • Anonymous professionals handling treatment
  • Additional equipment costs

If you or someone you know is in need of orthodontic care and located in Sterling Heights, Hazel Park, Warren, Royal Oak, or the surrounding Michigan areas contact us today to schedule a visit. Call now (248) 588-2020.

How Much Do Braces Cost?

Dr. Jerek Petrous and our Smile For Life Team at Petrous Orthodontics specialize in providing high quality orthodontic treatment such as braces at manageable costs.  Serving the Madison Heights and greater Michigan areas, Dr. Petrous is dedicated to helping the same communities he was raised in.  We offer many options for smile transformation services including traditional braces, color or clear braces, Incognito lingual braces, and Invisalign in Sterling Heights.  The average cost of braces causes many people to have the preconceived notion that these processes are very costly, which can prevent them from getting the smile they have always wanted.

The Cost of Braces

The braces cost can vary depending on specific individual factors such as how long you need them and where you live.  We accept many major insurances which can cover some of the cost, but the remaining balance or cost without insurance coverage can become an unexpected burden for any individual or family.  To help lift that burden, we at Petrous Orthodontics offer options such as an HSA account or payment plan which can spread out your payment costs to avoid breaking the bank.

Deciding the best options for you

During your complimentary consultation, we will answer all preliminary questions, evaluate your needs and determine the best process of treatment specifically for you.  We will discuss our different treatment options, as well as create an interest-free payment plan that fits your budget.  At Petrous Orthodontics we believe providing a higher standard of care begins with making your treatment affordable.

Treatment options

  • Metal braces – our micro-arch brackets are 30% smaller than standard sized brackets. The “space-age” nickel titanium wires we use in our braces are super-elastic and allow for easier alignment with less discomfort.
  • Color braces – made for anyone who wants to fashionably show off their orthodontic appliances, we offer an assortment of colors at no additional cost.
  • Radiance clear braces – clear polished sapphire that doesn’t stain like other plastic options. These are typically only used for top teeth to avoid the wear of bottom enamel.
  • Invisalign – clear removable aligners that are favored for their comfort and discretion.
  • Incognito lingual braces – an invisible alternative for patients who don’t want bulky traditional brackets and where Invisalign as not an option.

Dr. Petrous and his Smile For Life team at Petrous Orthodontics are looking forward to being the reason you smile!

If you are located in the Madison Heights or surrounding Michigan areas and in need of orthodontic care contact us to set up your complimentary consultation today!  Find out how we can make a smile transformation affordable for you.  The smile you’ve always wanted could be just a phone call or visit away, call us now! (248) 588-2020

Brighten Your Holiday Smile With These Oral Health Tips

women smiling

Photo Credit: Pixabay

 Brighten Your Holiday Smile With These Oral Health Tips

With the holidays right around the corner, you’re probably nestled all snug in your bed with visions of sugar plums, candy canes, sugar-sprinkled cookies, and other ooey-gooey delights dancing in your head. The holidays are about all those extra indulgences we wouldn’t dream of any other time of year. Those mouth-watering, chocolate-dipped, caramel-filled, sugar-coated delicacies that can, well, rot your teeth out.

Okay, well not to be overly dramatic, but you get the idea. The holidays can wreak havoc on your pearly whites, so it’s important to take some extra care. By committing to these healthy habits, you won’t just be protecting your teeth from holiday hazards, but you can work on adopting new lifestyle changes that will give your improved oral health for the new year.

Upgrade Your Toothbrush

The first holiday gift your should buy this year, is a new toothbrush. A toothbrush should be replaced about every three months, so if you’re using one older than that, it’s time to toss it.  Make sure to select a toothbrush that has soft bristles. Hard bristles can lead to gum damage.

 

Fine Tune Your Brushing Skills

When you’re indulging in all those extra treats, you’re compounding the decay-causing bacteria that come from sugar, so it will be necessary to brush more often. More often won’t solve your problems, though, if you’re not brushing properly.

  • Your toothbrush should be at a 45-degree angle to the gums.
  • Move the brush back and forth, gently, in short strokes.
  • Brush in this order: 1) the outer surfaces, 2) the inner surfaces, and 3) the chewing surfaces of the teeth.
  • Brush for a full two minutes.

Don’t Skip Flossing

The only way you can effectively remove food stuck between your teeth, that leads to plaque build up, is by flossing. If you can only manage one floss a day, make sure to do it as part of your bedtime routine so that you’re eliminating any food particles that would otherwise sit on your teeth all night.

 

Your Teeth Aren’t Nutcrackers (Or Pliers!)

If you’re using your teeth to crack open nuts or twist off bottle caps, don’t! This can do damage to your teeth, and your gums.

In The Event Of An Emergency, Use Water

If you’re attending a holiday party and you haven’t remembered to pack a toothbrush, drink water. Water can can rinse away sugar, acids from from wine or soda, and other unhealthy matter that causes tooth decay.

Prioritize Your Teeth In Addiction Recovery

If you’re in addiction recovery,  and dealing with some dental damage that was caused by drug use, like meth, you can get back on the road to better oral health. Start with a visit to the dentist who can work to fill in any cavities that were caused during this time, and prescribe antibiotics for any gum disease that may be unresolved.

Protect Your Orthodontics

Bite into that tempting chocolate candy and encounter hard, chewy toffee, and you may end up damaging your orthodontics. If you have braces, make sure to forego things like lollipops, popcorn, taffy, caramel, hard or sticky candy, nuts, and chewing gum. Sound like everything you could possibly enjoy? Not true. Instead, select some soft melt in your mouth mints or chocolate candies or some yummy ice cream. As always, be sure to brush after any sweet.

Start 2018 With A Dental Visit

Pick up the phone now and schedule a dental visit so you can start your new year off with healthy, clean teeth. A trip to the dentist can detect oral cancer, prevent gum disease, repair damage from plaque build up, and correct any bad habits that are causing you damage.

There are plenty of other great reasons to brighten your smile with healthy teeth. Improper brushing and flossing can lead to wallet-busting repairs down the road. And don’t forget the pain that comes when you’re staring down a root canal or a crown because you’ve indulged in a few too many popcorn kernels. But perhaps most of all, a beautiful smile, makes for a more beautiful you.

Foods You Can Eat with Braces

braces madison heights mi

When you get braces through Petrous Orthodontics in Madison Heights, MI, what you can and can’t eat will become something to think about. Foods like nuts and hard candy can damage/break your braces, while biting into hard foods can pull away the brackets and wires, all of which could be painful and prolong treatment. Dr. Jerek Petrous also stresses that patients avoid foods that are chewy, crunchy, sticky or gooey! So what are foods you can eat with braces?

When you first get your braces, sticking to a diet of very soft foods that require little chewing is suggested. Ice cream may be the first thing that comes to mind, and if you’re going to eat ice cream Dr. Petrous recommends this delicious, braces-friendly, vegan banana ice cream sundae recipe!

Foods You Can Eat with Braces

A vegan banana ice cream sundae is a healthy alternative to sugary ice cream.

foods you can eat with braces

Moreover, when you get braces through Petrous Orthodontics in Madison Heights, MI, your teeth will be more susceptible to cavities; another reason why a healthy, nutritious diet is important. And there’s healthy alternatives to all your favorite guilty food pleasures just like this ice cream recipe. If you have any questions about foods to avoid with braces, be sure to contact us!

Are you ready to begin your journey to a beautiful, natural smile?

Click HERE to schedule a FREE CONSULTATION with Petrous Orthodontics!


Dr. Jerek Petrous and the team at Petrous Orthodontics are experts in braces. If you have any questions pertaining to Invisalign, Incognito, braces, surgical orthodontics, and palatal expander in the 48071 zip code area: Madison Heights, Sterling Heights, Hazel Park, Warren, or Royal Oak, MI, or would like to schedule an complementary consultation with Dr. Petrous, contact Petrous Orthodontics at: 248.588.2020

Dentists vs. Orthodontists: Why They Are Both Important

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Dentists and orthodontists may differ in services, but they are both equally important. While Dr. Jerek Petrous and the team here at Petrous Orthodontics in Royal Oak, MI provide orthodontic treatment to people of all ages with conditions that vary in severity, we also recognize the importance of continuing to see your dentist on a regular basis for cleanings and check-ups.

Dentists vs. Orthodontists: Similarities

Both a dentist and an orthodontist begins their careers in the same way (e.g., they both attend dental school after graduating from a bachelor’s degree program). Subsequently, a dentist will be awarded a DDS (Doctor of Dental Surgery) or a DMD (Doctor of Medical Dentistry), depending on what they choose to specialize in, while a future orthodontist will need to complete a two to three year residency at an American Dental Association approved, university-affiliated program.

Dentists vs. Orthodontists: Differences

You can think of a dentist as the primary care physician for your teeth; they perform routine maintenance and ensure that your mouth remains healthy overall. Some dentist specific procedures include:

  • Cleanings
  • Whitenings
  • Root canals
  • Fillings
  • Crowns
  • Veneers
  • Bridges

An orthodontist like Dr. Petrous in Royal Oak, MI, on the other hand, is a specialist. If a dentist cannot assist you in correcting a dental condition, they will, oftentimes, refer you to an orthodontist. And orthodontic offices like Petrous Orthodontics focus on the alignment of your teeth and malocclusions typically referring to one of the following:

  • Overbite
  • Underbite
  • Severe overcrowding
  • Tooth gaps
  • Braces

The most common form of orthodontic treatment is braces. Braces can help address a number of the aforementioned conditions, but can only be installed by an orthodontist.

Contact Us

Dr. Petrous and the team here at Petrous Orthodontics understand the importance of maintaining a healthy dental routine while receiving orthodontic treatment. Braces especially, can make maintaining dental hygiene particularly difficult and result in cavities or worse. Be sure to heed the advice of Dr.Petrous and the team here atPetrous Orthodontics in Royal Oak, MI for optimal dental health, and regularly visit your dentist.


Dr. Jerek Petrous and the team at Petrous Orthodontics are experts in orthodontia.  If you have any questions pertaining to Invisalign, Incognito, braces, surgical orthodontics, and palatal expander in the 48071 zip code area: Madison Heights, Sterling Heights, Hazel Park, Warren, or Royal Oak, MI, or would like to schedule an complementary consultation with Dr. Petrous, contact Petrous Orthodontics at: 248.588.2020

What Is an Orthodontist?

orthodontist near troy mi

An orthodontist, like Dr. Jerek Petrous of Petrous Orthodontics near Troy MI, is a dentist who has undergone special training to treat facial and dental anomalies like malocclusions (an abnormality in the alignment of the upper and/or lower teeth); similar to medical doctors that choose to specialize in fields like neurology and endocrinology.

What Kind of Problems Do Orthodontists Treat?

Orthodontia focuses on helping to correct patients’ dental malocclusions including:

✓ Underbites
✓ Overbites
✓ Crossbites
✓ Spaces between teeth
✓ Overcrowded teeth
✓ Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder

Our Treatment Plans

Here at Petrous Orthodontics we employ many approaches in the treatment of dental malocclusions. The four treatment plans we offer are:

1. Traditional metal braces
2. Color braces
3. Radiance (clear) braces
4. Invisalign

Traditional metal braces are made of high-quality stainless steel brackets and wires, and are especially useful in cases where there may be severe misalignment. The brackets and affixed to the surfaces of your teeth, and the attached wires help guide your teeth gradually to the desired alignment.

Color braces are for our patients who like to fashionably show off their braces. We offer a full color selection at no additional cost, and our patients have the option to change their colors at every adjustment visit (5-8 weeks).

Radiance (clear) braces are fitted to the front of the teeth as well, but the brackets are designed to match the color of your teeth. Many people who want a less conspicuous look (for aesthetic or professional reasons), but something equally effective, prefer this system.

Invisalign clear aligners are virtually invisible and are preferred by people adults and teens who are want to retain their image, however note that this system is ideal for patients with mild dental issues. Moreover, the aligners are also easily removed, and should be removed while eating, when brushing teeth, and when flossing; this is a choice that comes with health and hygienic responsibilities.

If I’m Being Treated by an Orthodontist Why Do I Have to See a Dentist?

Visiting your dentist at regular intervals during the time that you are receiving treatment keeps good dental hygiene a part of your daily routine, keeps your teeth healthy and clean, and reduces your overall treatment time.  Especially if you have traditional metal braces, food and plaque can become stuck between your gums and teeth, under the wires connecting your braces, and between the brackets on your teeth. We here at Petrous Orthodontics are here to help you get the brightest, straightest, and healthiest smile! Contact us today at: (248) 588-2020.


Dr. Jerek Petrous and the team at Petrous Orthodontics are experts in orthodontia. If you have any questions pertaining to Invisalign, Incognito, braces, surgical orthodontics, and palatal expander in the 48071 zip code area: Madison Heights, Sterling Heights, Hazel Park, Warren, or Royal Oak, MI, or would like to schedule an complementary consultation with Dr. Petrous, contact Petrous Orthodontics at: 248.588.2020

Traveling with Invisalign

Straightening teeth with Invisalign clear aligners near Hazel Park, MI is a specialty of Dr. Jerek Petrous and the team here at Petrous Orthodontics. When away from home, it is a portable and convenient method of orthodontic treatment for busy travelers. And because of it’s removable nature, Invisalign can be cleaned on the go, wherever there is a sink and a toothbrush! Patients often travel with a small kit consisting of: a toothbrush, some toothpaste, and floss. And whether traveling by train, plane, or bus, Invisalign is the clear alternative to braces.

4 Benefits of Traveling with Invisalign

1. Simplicity. Invisalign clear aligners can fit into a carry-on bag, purse, or even your pocket! Invisalign is made of a clear thermoplastic material that fits snuggly over the teeth and is practically invisible. And because it is removable by the wearer, the wearer is allowed to eat, brush, or floss like they normally would.

2. Adaptability. A series of Invisalign trays are worn throughout the course of treatment with Invisalign, and each new tray set gradually moves the teeth, progressively, until you’ve reached your treatment goals. Frequent office visits for physical adjustments like with traditional braces are not necessary.

3. Invisibility. Because the Invisalign trays are completely clear, they are unnoticeable during normal social interaction. Invisalign patients can be confident when meeting people, attending events, and doing business while wearing the aligners. It’s almost like you’re not even wearing braces!

4. Flexibility. Invisalign clear plastic aligners are made of a soft plastic material, but their real flexibility is in their invisibility and their removability. Invisalign wearers are undergoing orthodontic treatment while working, playing, talking, and smiling with no one knowing they are wearing an orthodontic appliance! And when it’s time to eat, Invisalign pops out easily.

For travelers, a strict schedule of frequent adjustment appointments with their orthodontist is not practical. When on the go, Invisalign patients know they are being treated with a discreet, effective, and easy-to-wear solution to their orthodontic needs. Dr. Petrous and the professionals at Petrous Orthodontics have been treating patients near Hazel Park, MI with Invisalign clear aligners for years! To find out more information about Invisalign contact us today!


Dr. Jerek Petrous and the team at Petrous Orthodontics are experts in Invisalign. If you have any questions pertaining to Invisalign, Incognito, braces, surgical orthodontics, and palatal expander in the 48071 zip code area: Madison Heights, Sterling Heights, Hazel Park, Warren, or Royal Oak, MI, or would like to schedule an complementary consultation with Dr. Petrous, contact Petrous Orthodontics at: 248.588.2020

My Child Has Braces, but Do I Need to See an Orthodontist?

Orthodontic treatment may be considered an adolescent endeavor best undertaken early in life, but that is more of a perception than it is a reality. More than 20% of people in America being treated for orthodontic issues are actually adults. And our orthodontist, Dr. Jerek Petrous, here at Petrous Orthodontics near Royal Oak, MI, treats his adult patients successfully with a variety of orthodontic treatment approaches.

What Can Orthodontics Do for You?

Many emerging or chronic dental issues can ruin your smile, and you may need the help of an orthodontist to correct them. Orthodontic cases are, more often than not, malocclusions (or misalignment problems), but note that orthodontic treatment not only improves your smile cosmetically, it also improves your overall dental health.

Do You Have Any of the Following Conditions?

  • Crossbite is when the teeth (or a tooth) has more of a lingual positioning than the corresponding teeth above or below it; when the upper and lower teeth aren’t correctly aligned.
  • Crowding is when the teeth do not seem to fit in their space; leads to rotated teeth and displacement.
  • Spacing is when teeth have too much space; leads to gaps in the smile and widely spaced teeth.
  • Open Bite is when front teeth (both upper and lower) are forced outward; upper and lower teeth don’t touch each other when the mouth is closed.
  • Deep Bite is when upper front teeth overlap the lower front teeth almost completely; associated with jaw-joint problems, pain, and overall poor dental health.
  • Protrusion is when upper front teeth stick out (protrude); sometimes the result of thumb sucking and often referred to as “buck teeth.”
  • Underbite is when the lower teeth and jaw protrude out in front of the upper teeth.

Using the latest orthodontic treatment technology, and the highly experienced staff here at Petrous Orthodontics, Dr. Petrous can solve any orthodontic issue and transform anyones smile into a healthy one with a functional bite.

Do I Need to See an Orthodontist?

The only way to know for sure if you are a candidate for orthodontic treatment is by coming in for a consultation with Dr. Petrous. We here at Petrous Orthodontics near Royal Oak, MI are dedicated to helping patients achieve a beautiful, functional, and healthy smile that they will love. Contact us to schedule an initial consultation to find out if you’re a candidate for treatment, and to go over all of your options such as: traditional metal braces, clear braces, Invisalign, and more!


Dr. Jerek Petrous, Dr. John Marx and the team at Petrous Orthodontics are experts in orthodontia. If you have any questions pertaining to Invisalign®, Invisalign Teen®, braces and/or clear braces in the 48071 zip code area: Madison Heights, Sterling Heights, Hazel Park, Warren, or Royal Oak, or would like to schedule an complementary consultation with Dr. Petrous or Dr. Marx, contact Petrous Orthodontics at: 248.588.2020